Posted by Matthew on 5th August and posted in Uncategorized
Learning disabilities in reading are just one of those generically described as learning difficulties, which can result in someone having problems learning specific skills. These are usually any or all of reading, writing, speaking, listening, reasoning and doing sums.
The causes of children’s learning disabilities in reading are largely unknown but in some way the child’s brain has been affected in such a way that its ability to collect and handle information is impaired. This in turn, may have been caused by:
1. Heredity – Learning disabilities are often inherited even if a generation has been skipped. Check whether other members of the family have had reading difficulties in the past.
2. Problems During Pregnancy and Birth – Learning disabilities can be the result of irregularities in brain development caused by the mother being ill, having an accident such as a fall, drinking, smoking or taking drugs during pregnancy. Equally, a prolonged labour, oxygen deprivation during birth or premature birth can result in abnormality in brain development.
3. Accidents After Birth – Learning disabilities can result from head injuries. For example the child being dropped or falling over, undernourishment or exposure to toxins such as pesticides.
Regardless of the cause, treatment of children’s learning disabilities in reading is essential as soon as possible after discovery and this could take the form of any or all of the following.
1. Special Education – Special education is probably the commonest treatment for learning difficulties. Speciality teachers will evaluate the level of the child’s problems as compared with their academic and intellectual potential. These teachers will then, basically, teach the child to learn by building on their strengths while correcting their weaknesses.
2. Speech and Language Therapy – Some learning disabilities in reading stem from difficulties hearing and speaking so appropriate therapies may be needed.
3. Medication – If a child’s problems reading stem from attention deficit disorder then medication may be effective in improving concentration and attention span.
There are several types of dyslexia that can affect the child’s ability to spell as well as read. “Trauma dyslexia” usually occurs after some form of brain trauma or injury to the area of the brain that controls reading and writing. It is rarely seen in today’s school-age population. A second type of dyslexia is referred to as “primary dyslexia.” This type of dyslexia is a dysfunction of, rather than Read More…
MacCracken (City Kid; Lovey, a Very Special Child, a learning-disabilities therapist in New Jersey, personalizes the torments endured by many schoolchildren and their parents. According to statistics, one of every five students today has difficulty in some area of learning. The boys and girls who come to MacCracken for evaluation and tutoring are physically indistinguishable from their peers; many are intellectually superior yet unable to meet school and social norms Read More…