Pine Ridge School

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Causes and Treatments of Learning Disabilities

Posted by Matthew on 5th August and posted in Uncategorized

Learning disabilities in reading are just one of those generically described as learning difficulties, which can result in someone having problems learning specific skills. These are usually any or all of reading, writing, speaking, listening, reasoning and doing sums.
The causes of children’s learning disabilities in reading are largely unknown but in some way the child’s brain has been affected in such a way that its ability to collect and handle information is impaired. This in turn, may have been caused by:
1. Heredity – Learning disabilities are often inherited even if a generation has been skipped. Check whether other members of the family have had reading difficulties in the past.
2. Problems During Pregnancy and Birth – Learning disabilities can be the result of irregularities in brain development caused by the mother being ill, having an accident such as a fall, drinking, smoking or taking drugs during pregnancy. Equally, a prolonged labour, oxygen deprivation during birth or premature birth can result in abnormality in brain development.
3. Accidents After Birth – Learning disabilities can result from head injuries. For example the child being dropped or falling over, undernourishment or exposure to toxins such as pesticides.
Regardless of the cause, treatment of children’s learning disabilities in reading is essential as soon as possible after discovery and this could take the form of any or all of the following.
1. Special Education – Special education is probably the commonest treatment for learning difficulties. Speciality teachers will evaluate the level of the child’s problems as compared with their academic and intellectual potential. These teachers will then, basically, teach the child to learn by building on their strengths while correcting their weaknesses.
2. Speech and Language Therapy – Some learning disabilities in reading stem from difficulties hearing and speaking so appropriate therapies may be needed.
3. Medication – If a child’s problems reading stem from attention deficit disorder then medication may be effective in improving concentration and attention span.

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Signs and Symptoms of Learning Disabilities

Posted by Matthew on 15th June and posted in Uncategorized

Signs and Symptoms of Learning Disabilities in Preschool Children
• Trouble with snaps, zippers, buttons
• Trouble to learn to tie shoes
• Difficulty controlling pencils, crayons, scissors
• Coloring within lines of coloring books
• Difficulty following directions and learning routines
• Trouble learning the alphabet
• Trouble learning shapes, colors, numbers, days
• Difficulty rhyming
• Trouble learning words
• Trouble finding right words
• Problems pronouncing words

Signs and Symptoms of Learning Disabilities in Children age 5-9
• Difficulty telling time
• Difficulty remembering sequences
• Slow to learn new skills
• Trouble learning basic math concepts
• Consistently misspelling of words
• Making frequent reading errors
• Inability to blend sounds in making words
• Difficulty to learn connection between sounds and letters

Signs and Symptoms of Learning Disabilities in Children age 10-13
• Poor handwriting
• Trouble expressing thoughts aloud
• Trouble following classroom discussions
• Poor organizational skills
• Disorganized and messy desk, homework and room
• Avoid reading aloud
• Dislikes writing and reading
• Trouble with open-ended word problems and test questions
• Difficulty with math skills
• Difficulty with reading comprehension

Learning disabilities in reading or dyslexia is categorized in two, such as reading comprehension when the ability to understand the meaning of words, paragraphs and phrases. The other is the relationships between words, letters and sounds.
Learning disabled students require special knowledge about learning disabilities or a child gets classified as naughty, lazy or just doesn’t want to learn. Accurate diagnosis is required by one or more trained professionals and often the help of teachers are needed as well as those of the parent. Developmental psychologists, Educational psychologists, Clinical psychologists, Speech and language therapist, Occupational therapist, Child psychologist and more all aid in the accurate diagnosis of children with possible learning disabilities.
Parents of children with learning disabilities should nurture the child’s other strengths, pursue treatment, research treatments, schools and new theories from professionals. Learning all about the specifics of a child’s learning disabilities and if any cognitive skills are involved will make handling and learning the child easier for everyone involved.

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What are learning Disabilities?

Posted by Matthew on 11th June and posted in Uncategorized

When a child first gets diagnosed with a learning disability it may seem scary and like a mountain ahead of you and the child involved. However learning disabilities has got nothing to do with the intelligence of a child. A child can be highly intelligent and have learning disabilities. It is problems affecting a student’s brain’s ability to store, receive, analyse and process information. Learning disabled students are more difficult than those without learning disabilities and specialized personnel and schools are there for children and students with learning disabilities.
There are several types of learning disabilities and usually affected students have more than one kind of disability. A learning disability can for example interfere with a student’s ability to focus or concentrate and their minds always wander. Other learning disabilities make it difficult for students to spell, write, read or solve mathematical problems.
A brain is extremely complex and the manner in which a brain process information is just as complex and therefor it is easy for a brain to find it difficult to process certain things. The problem with identifying learning disabilities is in the fact that it is not something you pick up when looking at a person.
Learning disabilities can only be recognised when a child goes to school and struggles to read, write, do maths, and communicate with teachers or paying attention. Often a child may have speech problems, which may also result in learning disabilities, but it may also be that the child only has a problem with speech and nothing else.
The other problem in diagnosing learning disabilities is the fact that many students have an uncanny way of hiding a learning disability and in fact can keep it hidden in early years of schooling and studies and only in later years when work is a lot more complicated it will come to the foreground.

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When Your Child Has . . . Dyslexia: Get the Right Diagnosis, Understand Treatment Options, and Help Your Child Learn (When Your Child Has A…)

Posted by SMITH on 7th December and posted in Uncategorized

Finding out that a child has dyslexia can be shocking and confusing – and thousands of parents get this disturbing news every day. Appearing as  early as when a child is struggling to say ?Mama? and ?Dada,? dyslexia is a condition that will affect a child?s ability to read, write, and understand basic language construction – and for a parent, this can be a tough reality to take in. Covering information on every stage of diagnosis, treatment, and growth, this reference will help parents: teach children how to cope with educational, personal, and social difficulties; choose the right school and reduce academic struggles; maintain communication with their frustrated child; and more. Providing parents with the invaluable information and resources they need, this book takes an in-depth look at the reality of the disability and manages to make sense of it for worried parents.

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Take Control of Dyslexia and Other Reading Difficulties

Posted by SMITH on 7th December and posted in Uncategorized

Take Control of Dyslexia and Other Reading Difficulties is a unique guidebook written especially for kids with dyslexia and other reading difficulties to help them overcome their reading struggles and find success in school and beyond. The handbook addresses the  fundamentals of reading for elementary and middle school students, speaking to students directly in easy-to-understand language with charts, graphs, and illustrations.

Unlike most books that focus on the “how-to’s” of reading, this book teaches kids what reading is all about. They will learn about the different skills involved in the reading process, why learning how to read can be difficult, tips for studying and completing homework more easily, and what kinds of strategies and technologies might help improve their reading abilities. By interviewing other kids with dyslexia and reading difficulties, the authors offer insight into the frustrations that come with reading difficulties and provide encouragement to push forward to reading success.

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Parents and Families of Children with Disabilities: Effective School-Based Support Services

Posted by SMITH on 4th December and posted in Uncategorized

Patricia J. Fewell (Author), William J. Gibbs (Author), Richard L. Simpson (Author), Denise M. Clark (Author)


Book Description

ISBN-10: 0130194883 | ISBN-13: 978-0130194886 | Publication Date: March 4, 2006
Parents and Families of Children with Disabilities: Providing Effective School Based Support Services provides teachers and paraprofessionals with necessary motivation, research-based practices, skills, and resources to collaborate effectively wiith familes to develop family-centered schools. The book challenges educators to rethink the traditional roles and responsibilities of public schools, training teachers and paraprofessionals how to achieve effective stress management, child advocacy, and transition planning, as well as how to provide academic intervention for the families of children with disabilities and the diverse communities that surround them. General K-12 inservice teachers, paraprofessionals, and parents.

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What causes dyslexia? What are the different types of dyslexia?

Posted by SMITH on 4th December and posted in Uncategorized

There are several types of dyslexia that can affect the child’s ability to spell as well as read.

“Trauma dyslexia” usually occurs after some form of brain trauma or injury to the area of the brain that controls reading and writing. It is rarely seen in today’s school-age population.

A second type of dyslexia is referred to as “primary dyslexia.” This type of dyslexia is a dysfunction of, rather than damage to, the left side of the brain (cerebral cortex) and does not change with age. Individuals with this type are rarely able to read above a fourth-grade level and may struggle with reading, spelling, and writing as adults. Primary dyslexia is passed in family lines through their genes (hereditary). It is found more often in boys than in girls.

A third type of dyslexia is referred to as “secondary” or “developmental dyslexia” and is felt to be caused by hormonal development during the early stages of fetal development. Developmental dyslexia diminishes as the child matures. It is also more common in boys.

Dyslexia may affect several different functions. Visual dyslexia is characterized by number and letter reversals and the inability to write symbols in the correct sequence. Auditory dyslexia involves difficulty with sounds of letters or groups of letters. The sounds are perceived as jumbled or not heard correctly. “Dysgraphia” refers to the child’s difficulty holding and controlling a pencil so that the correct markings can be made on the paper.


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Turnabout Children: Overcoming Dyslexia and Other Learning Disabilities (Signet)

Posted by SMITH on 4th December and posted in Uncategorized

MacCracken (City Kid; Lovey, a Very Special Child, a learning-disabilities therapist in New Jersey, personalizes the torments endured by many schoolchildren and their parents. According to statistics, one of every five students today has difficulty in some area of learning. The boys and girls who come to MacCracken for evaluation and tutoring are physically indistinguishable from their peers; many are intellectually superior yet unable to meet school and social norms in skills of reading, writing and calculating. Through the portraits of children she has treated, MacCracken shows what makes them bloom; in one case, even a dyslexic parent is helped. Explaining her profession in lay terms, the author indicates that her mission is not only remediation but guiding children to “become successful in their place of workschooland to improve the quality of their lives.” Teachers and parents will enjoy and benefit from this sharing. First serial to McCall’s.
Copyright 1986 Reed Business Information, Inc. –This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.

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